ERP Dictionary Index Page

A

ABC analysis
ABC Classification
Acceptable quality level
Account Payable
Acquisition cost
Actual cost
advanced planning and scheduling (APS)
Aggregate capacity
Aggregate demand
Aggregate planning
Allocation horizon
Andon board
Annual physical inventory
APICS
application programming interface (API)
application service provider (ASP)
application Software
architecture
Available capacity
Available to promise
available-to-promise (ATP)

B

back scheduling
backflush
Backflushing
Backlog
Backorder
Backward scheduling
Base inventory level
Batch
Batch flow
Batch overlapping
Batch splitting
Batch ticket
Bid for tender
Bill of capacity
Bill of distribution
Bill of resources
Billing
Blanket order
Block scheduling
Blowthrough
BOM children
BOM parents
Bottleneck
Bottomup replanning
browser
Bucketed MRP
Bucketless MRP
Budget
Buffer stock
business intelligence (BI)
Business plan
business-to-business e-commerce (B2B) (A)
business-to-consumer sales (B2C) (A)
Byproducts

C

Call-off
capable-to-promise (CTP)
Capacity
Capacity balance
Capacity control report
Capacity planning
Capacity requirements planning
capacity requirements planning (CRP)
Carrying charge
Cash flow
Cell
Cell loading
Cell scheduling
Cellular manufacturing
Changeover time
client
Closed-loop manufacturing system
Co-products
Company goals
Completion date
computer-assisted software engineering (CASE)
computerized maintenance management systems (CMMS)
conference room pilot (CRP)
Configuration number
Economic order quantity
contact management
corporate performance management (CPM)
Cost estimation
cost of goods sold (COGS)
Cumulative net requirements
Counting tolerance
Critical network
Critical path method
Critical ratio
Critical resources
Cumulative gross requirements
Cumulative lead time
Customer complaints
Customer order
customer relationship management (CRM)
Customer service level
Customization
Cycle counting
Cycle time

D

Data accuracy
Data collection
data warehouse
Database
database management system (DBMS)
Decision tree
Delivery performance
Demand management
Demonstrated capacity
Dependent demand
Direct numerical control
Discounting procedure
discrete manufacturing
Dispatch list
Distribution resource planning
Downtime
Due date

E

e-Business
ead time
Effectivity date
End items
engineer-to-order (ETO)
Engineering change
Engineering change order
Engineering change procedure
Engineering change request
enterprise application integration (EAI)
enterprise asset management (EAM)
Exception reports
Expediting
Exponential smoothing
extensible markup language (XML)

F

Facility layout
Feature code
Feedback
Feeder lines
Final assembly schedule
Finish date
Finished goods
Finite capacity loading
Finite capacity planning
finite scheduling
Firm planned order
Flexible equipment
Flexible labor
Flexible manufacturing
Floor schedules
Flow-based layout
flow manufacturing
Focused factory
Forecast
Forecast error
Forward scheduling
fourth-generation language (4GL)
Frozen zone

G

Gantt charts
graphical user interface (GUI)
Gross requirements
Group technology

H

Hotlist
Hurdle rates
Hybrid architecture

I

Independent demand
Independent inventories
Infinite capacity planning
infinite loading
Internet
Inventory
Inventory code
Inventory data accuracy
Inventory records
Inventory turnover
Islands of automation
Item master record

J

Job shop production
Just-in-time

K

Kanban
Kit number
Kitting

L

Labor loading
Lead-time
lean production
Level schedule
Line balancing
Line stop authority
Load analysis
Loading
Long range planning
Lot for lot
Lot-size
Low-level code

M

Make or buy analysis
Make-to-order
Make-to-stock
Manufacturing database
manufacturing execution system (MES)
manufacturing instructions
Manufacturing operation
Manufacturing order
Manufacturing resource planning
manufacturing resource planning (MRP II)
mass customization
mass production
Master production schedule
Material requirements planning
Mean absolute deviation
Mixed model production
Modular design
Move time
Multi-model production
Multi-skilled workers

N

Need date
negative inventory
Negotiation
Nelson tests
nervous
nested
net cash flow
net change
Net change MRP
net requirements
net sales
netting
network diagram
node
noise
nominal data
nominal range
non-value-added
non-inventoried item
non-significant part number
non-stationary demand
nonconformance
nondestructive testing
nonlinear
nonrecurring
normal distribution
normalized data
not earlier than
not later than
np chart
numerical control (NC)

O

Obsolescence
One-off
online analytical processing (OLAP)
Open order
Operating expenses
Operations sequencing
Operations yield
Optimized production technology
Order action report
Order control
Order dispatching
Order entry
Order log
Order point
Order release
Order status
Order up to level
Output control
Overall machine effectiveness
Overdue work
Overloaded capacity

P

p chart
packing department
packing slip
paradigm shift
parallel
parallel conversion
parent
Pareto analysis
Part family
Part master record
part number
part period balancing (PPB)
parts list
parts per million (PPM)
Parts reference file
Parts requisition
past due
path
pattern detection
PayPoint
Pegged requirements
Pegging
percent complete
Performance evaluation
period cost
Period order quantity
perpetual inventory
phantom
Phantom BOM
Phase-in -out part
physical inventory
picklist
picklist release
pick to clear
pick to light
Picking list
piece part
piece rate
pipeline
Plackett-Burman design
plan-do-check-action (PDCA)
planned capacity
Planned cost
planned order
planned order receipt
planned order release
Planned orders
Planned queue time
Planned receipts
planner bill
Planning
Planning BOM
planning horizon
Planning horizon
planning system
Planning yield
point of sale (POS)
point of use
point-to-multipoint
point-to-point
poka-yoke
portal
positive float
post
post deduct
post-implementation audit
potency
Potential future market
pre-deduct
predecessor
predefined query
predictive
premium freight
prerequisite tree
present value
Preventative maintenance
preventive maintenance
pricing
primary location
primary operation
prioritization
Priority control
probabilistic model
problem-solving tools
process
Process-based layout
process costing
process manufacturing
Process planning
process sheet
process time
process view
product acceptance
product code
product configurator
Product Costing
product costs
product data management (PDM)
product definition
Product families
product family
product lifecycle
Product life cycles
product lifecycle management (PLM)
Product line
Product load profile
product mix
product rationalization
Product specification
Product structure file
product structure
Production activity control
Production classification
production database
Production kanbans
production line
production material
production order
Production plan
production planning
production schedule
Production scheduling
productivity
professional services automation (PSA)
profit
profit center
program
program evaluation and review technique (PERT)
programmable logic controller (PLC)
programmed production
progress payment
Progress reporting
project
project calendar
project costing
project management
project team
Projected available balance
projected balance
projected life
promise date
promotion
prospect
Pseudo BOM
pseudo item
Pull
pull system
purchase order
purchase price variance (PPV)
Purchase requisition
purchase to order (PTO)
purchase to stock (PTS)
purchase-to-pay cycle
purchasing
purchasing lead time
Purchasing service level
Push
push system
putaway

Q

Quality
Quality control
Quantity discounts
Queue
Queue ratio
Queue time
Quotation

R

real time
Receiving
Records
Regression analysis
relational database
Release date
Reorder point
reorder point (ROP) system
Repetitive manufacturing
Reporting
Reprioritising
Resource planning
Resource profile
Return on investment
Returns to supplier
Review horizon
Rough cut capacity planning
Routing
Runtime

S

Safety stock
Safety time
sales force automation (SFA)
Sales planning
Schedule
Schedule adherence
Scheduled receipt
Scheduling
Scrap factor
Sequencing
Serial number
server
Service parts
Setup costs
Setup time
Shop floor control
Shop order
Shop packet
Simulation
Simultaneous engineering
Slack time
Smoothing
Spare parts
Split lot
Standard cost
Standard deviation
Standard time
Standing orders
Start date
Stock status
Stockout costs
Storage costs
Strategic planning
strategic sourcing
Subassembly
Subcontracting
Superbills
Supplier
Supplier performance
supplier relationship management (SRM)
Supplies
supply chain execution (SCE)
supply chain inventory visibility (SCIV)
supply chain management (SCM)
supply chain planning (SCP)
Surplus stock
Synchronization

T

Target inventory level
Target pricing
Throughput
Time Fences
Time horizon
Total quality control
Traceability
Tracking signal
Transfer batch
Turnover
Two-bin system

U

Unconsumed forecast
Universal product code
Unloading

V

Value-added
Vendor capacity planning
Vendor rating
Vendor scheduling

W

wage rate
Wagner
wait time
wall-to-wall inventory
wand
Wand readers
warehouse management system (WMS)
warehouse zone
warranty return
waste
wave picking
wedge reader
weighted moving average
what-if analysis
where-used
Where-used list
Winters 3 parameter
Withdrawal kanbans
Work assignment
Work authorization
work breakdown structure
work center
work center where-used
Work center
Work center scheduling
work in process (WIP)
Work in progress
work instructions
work order
work units
Work-to list
workaround
workflow
workgroup
working capital
workstation
world class

X

Y

yield

Z

zero float
Zero Defects
zero inventory
zone picking